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How to Choose Crop Irrigation System

How to Choose Crop Irrigation System

There are many factors to think about when considering how to irrigate your farm. In this article, we’ll help guide you through the steps of choosing the right irrigation system for your crops and fields.

Consider the climate

To determine the type of irrigation system best for your farm, you must consider the climate. Drip systems are the way to go if you have a dry climate. On the other hand, sprinkler and furrow systems should be considered if your area is wet or humid with little precipitation in between seasons.

Drip Irrigation is more efficient at water conservation than sprinklers. It can also be used in areas that do not get much rain. It also requires less maintenance than other methods because it uses small holes instead of giant pipes, so there is less chance of debris clogging up the tubes or hoses. This makes them easier to clean out when they become clogged with mud so they don’t break down as quickly as other types might under similar circumstances.

Evaluate water availability

Before you choose a crop irrigation system, you must evaluate water availability on your farm. A common question is how long it would take to get water to the field if needed. You will also want to consider how much money it will cost to transport the water and whether this expense could make up for the cost of purchasing an irrigation system in the first place.

The next step is evaluating how much water is needed for your crops. This depends on several factors: crop type and size, soil type, weather conditions during the growing season, climate zone where the farm is located, etc. In general, however, most crops require about 1 inch every week from planting until harvest time (6–8 weeks). After that point, rainfall should be sufficient unless there is unusually dry weather or very hot temperatures during the summer, which can lead to a fall harvest season without rains.

Look at the soil

The soil type and texture will significantly impact how well your crops grow, so it’s essential to consider this when choosing an irrigation system. Soil structure, drainage, pH level, and organic matter are all important factors in determining whether a crop can be grown on a piece of land. Suppose you think that you might be able to grow your desired crop in one place but not another because of different soil characteristics. In that case, selecting an irrigation system will depend significantly on these considerations. Once again: look at the soil!

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Contemplate your topography

When choosing an irrigation system, you should consider the slope of your field. If it is flat, you will have a much easier time installing and maintaining an irrigation system than if it has steep slopes. It would help if you also considered whether or not there are any trees or other obstacles that would make this problematic for you. Additionally, suppose your soil type is naturally moist. In that case, water will be less likely to escape from the fields and remain there longer than if the soil is dryer and drier.

You should also consider how big your field is and how many acres are included within it before deciding on what type of equipment would be best for your needs, as well as how much money it will cost upfront and in maintenance over time. This can help ensure that whatever decision is made fits within budget constraints while providing enough coverage throughout all areas during growing seasons (or any other time).

Weather patterns can also affect crop productivity, so considering average temperatures and precipitation amounts per season might help determine which crop needs which irrigation method. And finally, proximity between water sources may also play into determining what type could serve best across multiple fields equally well without causing additional strain on scarce resources.

Consider your crop of choice

To determine which crop irrigation system is best for your farm, you must first consider what crops you are growing. Different crops have different watering needs and grow at different rates, so the amount of water each need in a day, week, or month will vary widely. For example, if you’re growing corn and pumpkins on your farm, the amount of water needed per acre per week would be much higher than if all you had were lettuce patches.

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Additionally, remember that not every crop requires continuous irrigation throughout its growing period. Some plants can go multiple days without being watered. In contrast, others may require daily watering (or even twice-daily watering) during their entire lifecycle.

Assess your field’s accessibility to power and labor resources

When it comes to the overall logistics of operating a crop irrigation system, you should consider several factors:

Accessibility to power and labor resources 

Whether installing an irrigation system in your backyard or putting together a large commercial farm, you’ll need to ensure that it can be sustained by the infrastructure available at your site. For example, buying and installing an electric pump may not be feasible if there is no nearby power source or labor force. A waterwheel could provide a more affordable option. Bringing out all the necessary mechanization and tools on the spot can also be a challenge. It will greatly depend on whether you have a new Massey Ferguson tractor or an old one that can barely make it up the hill.

Water availability and quality

You might have enough land for growing crops but not necessarily enough water—or if you have enough water available for irrigation purposes, it isn’t clean enough for drinking or cooking purposes (e.g., well-water). The latter scenario will require extra steps before using this resource for crop irrigation, such as filtering out pollutants with purifiers like reverse osmosis filters (ROFs) or ultraviolet light systems (URLs). It’s also worth researching whether neighboring farms use groundwater from the same aquifer; if so, there could be contamination issues affecting its quality due to overuse by other farmers nearby.


Crop irrigation systems can be a great way to ensure your crops get the water they need in order to thrive. You can use several different types of systems, so make sure you choose one that will work best for your needs. The most important thing is that you do your research before committing any money or time to an irrigation project!


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