What is Prostate Cancer?
Every year, hundreds of men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, which is a devastating condition. They are in their forties or fifties. Men over the age of 65 accounts for almost 60% of instances. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), 174,650 American men will be diagnosed with cancer in 2019.
To comprehend what prostate cancer is, we must first comprehend certain key aspects of the disease. It is critical to first comprehend what a prostate is.
The prostate is a tiny gland located in a man’s lower abdomen. It’s beneath the bladder and close to the urethra. The hormone testosterone regulates the prostate, which generates a fluid called semen. Semen is the spermatozoa-containing fluid that emerges from the urethra after ejaculation.
Prostate cancer is a tumor that develops from abnormal, malignant development of cells in the prostate. Because cancer is made up of prostate cells, it is still referred to as prostate cancer when it spreads to other parts of the body.
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Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. However, men with prostate cancer who are in an advanced stage of the disease may suffer certain symptoms.
- Urination problems or burning
- Urge to urinate frequently, especially at night
- Urine or sperm with blood
- Urinary discomfort
- In rare circumstances, ejaculation causes pain
- Having trouble acquiring or keeping an erection
- If your prostate is enlarged, you may experience pain or discomfort while sitting.
- Bone ache
The prostate cancer imaging test
Imaging tests generate pictures within your body using X-rays, magnetic fields, sound waves, or radioactive materials. It is possible to utilize one or more imaging tests:
- To detect prostate cancer
- During certain procedures, to assist the doctor in seeing the prostate (such as prostate biopsy or some type of prostate cancer treatment)
- To see if prostate cancer has migrated to other regions of the body
- Prostate cancer treatment
Active Surveillance: Cancer is frequently monitored with active surveillance. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test every six months and a digital rectal exam (DRE) at least once a year is usually part of this routine.
Every 1 to 3 years, a prostate biopsy and imaging studies may be performed. If your test findings change, your doctor will discuss treatment choices with you to cure cancer.
Surgery: If prostate cancer has not gone beyond the prostate gland, surgery is a popular treatment option. A radical prostatectomy is the most common type of prostate cancer surgery. The surgeon removes the entire prostate gland as well as some of its surrounding tissue, including the seminal vesicles, during this procedure.
High-energy rays or particles are used in radiation treatment to eliminate cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be utilized depending on the stage of prostate cancer and other considerations.
The following are the most common types of radiation therapy for prostate cancer:
- Radiation from the outside
- Physiotherapy (internal radiation)
Don’t dismiss these warning flags
The most hazardous aspect of this disease is that it is not recognized until it has spread entirely. Other symptoms of prostate cancer, according to the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom, include: Problems include abrupt weight loss, bone or back discomfort, and testicular pain are examples of these.
Best prostate cancer surgeon near me
If you’re looking for the finest prostate cancer Surgeon near me, you should know that according to one study, the average cost of therapy for a person with prostate cancer after diagnosis is over $2,800 per month. However, depending on whether you’re insured or not, the sort of insurance or government aid you receive, and the precise type of treatment you require, these prices can be greater or lower. Costs can also range depending on where you are in the country and the facilities you use.