An Introduction to Bio Toilets and How They Work!

By ashanghumro 6 Min Read

Day by day, people are turning themselves toward the usage of environmentally friendly products. As with the mushrooming population, forests are on their way to extinction. It is a significant threat to nature, which may, in the future, lead to several serious problems for living beings. 

The toilet is an indispensable part of daily life. Conventional toilets are no doubt comfortable. But at the same time, It requires a excessive amount of water. Also, the set up value is high. 

Considering these points, maximum human beings are turning closer to bio-lavatory structures. This particular device isn’t only beneficial in lowering water usage round the house however also extremely good for the environment.

Bio toilets promote easy recycling of wastes that may otherwise threaten the surroundings. 

What Makes Bio Toilets Different from Conventional Toilets?

As evident by the name, systems associated with bio toilets compost waste products within the enclosed system. Unlike conventional toilet systems, usable drinking water is not utilized for flushing urea.

Such a great system not only reduces water and energy use but also serves as a tremendous usable product. The list of benefits is unending, but some of the highly remarkable ones include the following:

  • It can be easily installed in any type of room
  • Highly suitable for boats and motorhomes 
  • Do not smell like conventional toilets
  • Easy in terms of cleaning
  • Superb for tiny-shaped houses where space is limited
  • Excellent for areas that are prone to drought 

The bio-toilet portable system is easy for homes that utilize off-the-grid systems. As these toilets help to recycle waste easily, quality top-soil-like humus is formed. Portability is one more remarkable feature of bio toilet.

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As you can carry this product from one place to the other, you can go to the toilet as usual.

Want to know about the way the bio toilet system works? Here it is….

How does a Bio Toilet System Work?

A bio-toilet system includes a composting chamber where the wastes get collected. As the liquid wastes evaporate, the production rate of microbes declines to almost nil. The solid waste will slowly mix with oxygen to form a composting pile. 

Usually, there is a two-process composting that takes place in a bio-toilet system:

  • Aerobic composting – In an aerobic form of composting, heat and oxygen are used to break down the waste elements. It is similar to the backyard composting heap that gets formed on average.
  • Anaerobic composting – No oxygen is required in an anaerobic composting technique. As a end result, it takes a long time to break down the factors to be had within the composting pile.

Finally, a rich top soil like humus will be exclusively great for garden usage. It will be precious for plants.

In Which Form Does Human Waste Get Converted?

Bio toilets work on bio-digester technology that can efficiently treat human waste at its best. The organic human waste gets converted into methane, water, and carbon-dioxide gases. 

The processing helps in inactivate the pathogens responsible for the spread of water-borne diseases. Also, the shits get treated without taking any external source of energy into usage.

In general, the bio-digester tank in almost every toilet includes inoculums. Inoculums are known to contain four different types of bacteria. The water trapping system in the bio-toilet prevents the entry of air inside the tank. 

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As a result, the human waste gets processed by the anaerobic bacteria in every chamber of the tank. This results in the release of methane gas and carbon dioxide that escape into the air. Once the process is completed, the water gets recycled to be used in the toilets as usual. 

What are the Different Types of Bio Toilets in the Market?

After the bio toilet system’s successful introduction, it underwent lots of changes and variations in designs. Today, there are three different types of bio-toilets available in the market that includes:

  • Zero-water bio toilet – A zero-water bio toilet does not use water for flushing. The pit is prepared directly below the toilet. It is possible to open and close the connection between the pit and the connection with a lever. The human waste gets directly deposited in the hole. Sawdust or sand is sprinkled on the waste.
  • Aerobic bio-toilet – Here, the toilet is connected to a double partition tank. The tank is connected to several air ventilation systems. This allows for the easy decomposition of human waste in an aerobic condition. 
  • Anaerobic bio-toilet – In an anaerobic bio-toilet, bacteria decompose human waste. The method decomposes human waste to a maximum level. Toilets used in locomotives are the best examples.

From above, it is clear that bio-toilets have lots of benefits over regular toilets. Though they are used in a limited number, these toilets are expected to become popular in the future. 

Banka Bio Is the Leading Manufacturer and Installer of Bio Toilet working toward making sanitation reachable to rural areas. Banka Bio’s Bio Toilets are also, a trusted solution for Indian Railway in Many Railway zones.

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